Educational Publishers since 1933

JOURNALS

Journal of Life Sciences

ISSN 0975-1270

ABOUT THE JOURNAL

ONLINE: Full Text available ON LINE (Visit our website: www.krepublishers.com)

AIM: The Journal of Life Sciences (J Life Sci) is designed for prompt publication of original and significant articles on all aspects of Life Sciences (Biology, Genetics, Biological Anthropology, Botany, Genetics, Mediacal Sciences, Vaterinary Sciences, Biochemical Genetics, Biometry, Clinical Genetics, Cytogenetics, Genetic Epidemiology, Genetic Testing, Evolution and Population Genetics, Immunogenetics, Molecular Genetics). The journal also covers ethical issues. It aims to serve as a forum of life scientists and health professionals.

ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING SERVICES: The Journal is indexed in NAAS (National Academy of Agricultural Sciences, India), DOAJ (Directory Open Access Journals, http://www.doaj.org) and other indices.

DISCIPLINES COVERED: The journal publishes original papers on current research and practical programmes, short notes, news items, book reviews, reports of meetings and professional announcements on all aspects of Life Sciences. Constructive criticisms and discussions of published papers and letters of relevance and interest to the readership will be published at the discretion of the Managing Editor. The journal is committed to prompt review, and priority publication is given to manuscripts with novel or timely findings, and to manuscripts of unusual interests. The researchers are invited to submit original papers in English (papers published elsewhere or under consideration elsewhere shall not be submitted).

FREQUENCY: There shall be two issues, one volume per year (July, December).

MANUSCRIPT: Manuscript along with disk should be submitted to the Administrative Editor, B-2 (Ground Floor), South City II, Gurgaon 122 018, Haryana, India or e-mail to: kre@airtelmail.in. Materials submitted for publication are to be prepared in accordance with The Guide for Contributors, which is published JULY issue of the journal (or visit our website: www.krepublishers.com). Manuscripts which do not fully confirm to Journal style will be returned to the Authors.

REVIEW OF ARTICLE: All papers and articles submitted are subjected to review. The possible exceptions are in the case of occasional invited papers and editorials, or where a partial or entire volume is devoted to a special theme.

SPECIAL ISSUE/VOLUME: Scholars are welcome to edit an entire Special Issue/Volume of the journal in their field of specialisation as a Guest Editor. For details write to the Administrative Editor, C/o Ms Kamla-Raj Enterprises, 2273 Gali Bari Paharwali, Chawri Bazar, Post Box No. 1120, Delhi G. P. O., Delhi 110 006, India or e-mail to: kre@airtelmail.in

SUBSCRIPTION RATES: The annual subscription price for two issues, one volume per year for institution, libraries and other corporate bodies is US$ 100/- Rs. 3000/- (Single Issue: US $ 55/- Rs. 1750/-). Rupee prices are valid in India. Subscription rates include postage air mail delivery.

COMPLEMENTARY PUBLICATION: Regular Subscriber to the journal will get free Special and Supplement Issues of the journal.

COPYRIGHTS ©:Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis) that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher. © Kamla-Raj Enterprises. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher. Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to the Administrative Editor, B-2 (Ground Floor), South City II, Gurgaon 122 018, Haryana, India or e-mail to: kre@airtelmail.in

CHANGE OF ADDRESS: : Forward change of address about two months prior to move.

MISSING ISSUE: Claims for undelivered copies will be accepted only after the following issue is received. Missing copies will be supplied when issues have been sustained in transit and where reserve stock permits.

CANCELLATION: Subscription cancellations will not be accepted after the first issue has been mailed.

DISPUTE: Subject to DELHI Jurisdiction only, in case of any dispute

LIST OF MEMBERS OF THE EDITORIAL BOARD

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Faisal H. Aboul-Enein

Director and CEO

Field of Specialisation: Public Health, Nursing

Address: A-E Health Care Management & Education LLC, 13606 Caney Springs Ln, Houston TX 77044, USA

Telephone/Mobile: 832-731-5398

E-mail: fasoola@hotmail.com

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Sunday Samuel Adebisi

Professor

Field of Specialisation: Developmental Anatomy, Teratology, Physical Anthropology

Address: Human Anatomy Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, NIGERIA

Telephone/Mobile: +2348057044301

E-mail: sam_adebisi@yahoo.com

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Faruk Ahmed

Associate Professor

Field of Specialisation: Public Health Nutrition

Address: Department of Family Sciences, College for Women, Kuwait University, Safat, KUWAIT

Telephone/Mobile: 965-24983164 (O)/ 965-24912937 (R); 965-99218973 (M)

E-mail: f.ahmed@cfw.kuniv.edu

Postal Address: Dr. Faruk Ahmed, P.O Box: 5969, Safat-13060, KUWAIT

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Jörg Baten

Professor of Economic History

Field of Specialisation: Antropometric History, Human Biology

Address: Department of Economics, Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen, Mohlstr. 36, 72074 Tübingen,GERMANY

Telephone/Mobile: +49-7071/2972985

E-mail: joerg.baten@uni-tuebingen.de

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Premananda Bharati

Associate Professor

Field of Specialisation: Biological Anthropology, Health, Nutrition, Demography

Address: Biological Anthropology Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, 203 B.T. Road, Kolkata 700 108, West Bengal, INDIA

Telephone/Mobile: 033-2575 3210 (O); 033-2578 0117 (R); +91 9830261859 (M)

E-mail: bharati@isical.ac.in, pbharati@gmail.com, bharati35@hotmail.com

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Nitai P. Bhattacharyya

Professor and Head, Crystallography and Molecular Biology Division

Field of Specialisation: Molecular Genetics of Human Diseases, Genomics, Cell and Molecular Biology

Address: Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata, West Bengal, INDIA

Telephone/Mobile: 091-033 2337 5345 to 49 (5 lines), Ext. 1301; 0933 9845209 (M)

E-mail: nitai_sinp@yahoo.com, nitaipada.Bhattacharya@sha.ac.in

Postal Address: Dr. Nitai P. Bhattacharyya, 1/AF Bidhan Nagar, Kolkata 700 064, West Bengal, INDIA

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Kaushik Bose

Field of Specialisation: Human Growth and Development, Nutrition, Health and Disease, Anthropometry and Body Composition

Address: Department of Anthropology, Vidyasagar University, Midnapore 721 102, WestBengal, INDIA

Telephone/Mobile: 09547069837 (M)

E-mail: banda@vsnl.net

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Indrani Bose

Senior Professor

Field of Specialisation: Condensed Matter Physics, Statistical Physics, Systems Biology

Address: Department of Physics, Bose Institute, 93/1, A. P. C. Road, Kolkata 700 009, West Bengal, INDIA

Telephone/Mobile: 091- (033) 2303 1184 (O), 091-(033) 2352 3723 (R); 9830606901 (M)

E-mail: indrani@bosemain.boseinst.ac.in, indbose@yahoo.co.in

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Richard G. Bribiescas

Associate Professor

Field of Specialisation: Biological Anthropology, Evolutionary Human Biology, Endocrinology, Metabolism, Senescence

Address: Environmental Science Center, Room 232, Yale University, 21 Sachem Street, New Haven 06511, Connecticut, USA

Telephone/Mobile: 203-432-3671; 203-432-3671 (M)

E-mail: richard.bribiescas@yale.edu

Postal Address: Dr. Richard G. Bribiescas, Yale University, Department of Anthropology, 10 Sachem Street, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Susanta Kumar Chakraborty

Professor of Zoology & Dean, Faculty of Science

Field of Specialisation: Ecology & Environmental Management

Address: Department of Zoology, Vidyasagar University, Vidyasagar University, Midnapore 721 102, West Bengal,INDIA

Telephone/Mobile: 091-(03222) 276554 , Ext- 474 (O), 24255245, 091-(03222) 261370 (R); 9433270591 (M)

E-mail: susantachakraborty@yahoo.com

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Ashim Chowdhury

Acharya P.C. Ray Professor in Agricultural Chemistry

Field of Specialisation: Agricultural Chemistry & Soil Science, Agricultural Chemicals, Pesticides Chemistry & Degradation, Crop Protection, Development & Quality of Medicinal & Aromatic Plant, Seed Testing through DNA Fingerprinting

Address: Department of Agricultural Chemistry and Soil Science, Institute of Agricultural Science, University of Calcutta, Kolkata 700 019, West Bengal, INDIA

Telephone/Mobile: 091-(033) 2461-5445/4959/5277 Ext: 355 (O), 091-(033) 2579-8669, 2529-9945 (R), + 91 9830243208 (M)

E-mail: ashimkly@hotmail.com, ashimchowdhry@gmail.com

Postal Address: Dr. Ashim Chowdhury, 75, Dum Dum Road, Ashiana Apartment, G-4, Kolkata 700 074, West Bengal, INDIA

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Irena Colić Barić

Professor

Field of Specialisation: Human Nutrition

Address: Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, Pierottijeva 6, 10 000 ZAGREB

Telephone/Mobile: + 385 1 46 05 093; + 385 91 355 253 (M)

E-mail: icolic@pbf.hr

Postal Address: Dr. Irena Colić Barić, Ilica 117a, 10 000 ZAGREB

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Daniel Dunham

Associate Professor of Medicine

Field of Specialisation: Internal Medicine

Address: Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 675 N. St. Clair 18-188, Chicago, II. 60611, USA

Telephone/Mobile: 312 695-8630 (O), 312 695-4641 (R)

E-mail: ddunham@nmff.org

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Debidas Ghosh

Professor

Field of Specialisation: Endocrine and Growth, Herbal Drug and Human Physiology, Human Health Awareness

Address: Department of Bio-Medical Laboratory Science and Management, Vidyasagar University, Midnapore 721 102, West Bengal, INDIA

Telephone/Mobile: 091-03222- 276 554; (91) 9232690993 (M)

E-mail: debidas_ghosh@yahoo.co.in

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Tusharkanti Ghosh

Field of Specialisation: Neurophysiology

Address: S.N. Pradhan Centre for Neuroscience, Calcutta University, 244B A.J.C. Bose Road, Kolkata 700 020, West Bengal, INDIA

Telephone/Mobile: 091-033 2223 2084; 9433251974 (M)

E-mail: physiol_tushar@yahoo.co.in

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Elena Godina

Professor, Leading Researcher, Head

Field of Specialisation: Biological Anthropology

Address: Institute and Museum of Anthropology, Moscow State University, Mokhovaya Str. 11, Moscow 125009, RUSSIA

Telephone/Mobile: 7-495-629-4070 (O), 7-499-133-6141 (R) 8-915-305-55-22 (M)

E-mail: godina@antropos.msu.ru, egodina@rambler.ru

Postal Address: Dr. Elena Godina. Leninsky prospect 92 apt. 40, Moscow 119415, RUSSIA

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Professor AmiyaKumar Hati

Ex Director, School of Tropical Medicine

Field of Specialisation: Malaria, Paracitology

Address: 8/1D, Neogipara Road. Kolkata 700 036, West Bengal, INDIA

Telephone/Mobile: 091-033-25773409; 09432173465 (M)

E-mail: amiya_hati@rediffmail.com

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Maciej Henneberg

Wood Jones Professor of Anatomy

Field of Specialisation: Biological Anthropology

Address: Anatomy, Medical School University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5005, AUSTRALIA

Telephone/Mobile: +61 8 83035479(O), 83708196 (R); +61 414885983 (M)

E-mail: maciej.henneberg@adelaide.edu.au

Postal Address: Dr. Maciej Henneberg, 58 Hill Street, CRAFERS 5152, SOUTH AUSTRALIA

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Mohammad A. Khaled

Professor Emeritus

Field of Specialisation: Human Nutrition

Address: Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA

Telephone/Mobile: (205) 975-7077 (O), (205) 988-5957 (R); (205) 427-2854 (M)

E-mail: khaledm@uab.edu

Postal Address: Dr. Mohammad A. Khaled, University Blvd., Birmingham, AL 35294, USA

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. R. Khongsdier

Professor

Field of Specialisation: Biological Anthropology, Demography, Human Growth and Nutrition

Address: Department of Anthropology, North-Eastern Hill University, Permanent Campus, Shillong 793022, Meghalaya, INDIA

Telephone/Mobile: 091 (364) 2723112 (O), 2550255 (R); 09863022193 (M)

E-mail: rkhongsdier@hotmail.com

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Geok Lin Khor

Professor of Community Nutrition

Field of Specialisation: Community Nutrition

Address: Department of Nutrition and Dietetics Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences Universiti Putra Malaysia 43400 Serdang, MALAYSIA

Telephone/Mobile: 603-89472460

E-mail: khorgl@medic.upm.edu.my

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Sylvia Kirchengast

A. O. Univ. Prof. PHD

Field of Specialisation: Life History, Body Composition, Reproductive Biology

Address: University of Vienna, Department of Anthropology, Althanstrasse 14 1090 Vienna, AUSTRIA

Telephone/Mobile: ++43 1 427754712, ++43 6645337531 (M)

E-mail: sylvia.kirchengast@univie.ac.at

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Slawomir Koziel

Senior Researcher

Field of Specialisation: Growth and Development of Children, Epidemiology of Obesity, Epidemiological Auxology, Evolutionary Ecology

Address: Institute of Anthropology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kuznicza 35, 50-951 Wroclaw, POLAND

Telephone/Mobile: +4871 3438675; +48609528877 (M)

E-mail: slawek@antro.pan.wroc.pl

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Shaunak Shrinivas Kulkarni

Reader

Field of Specialisation: Growth and Nutrition, Dental Anthropology

Address: Department of Anthropology, University of Pune, Pune 411 007, Maharashtra, INDIA

Telephone/Mobile: 020 256o1309 (O), 020 24348760 (R), 98500 97332 (M)

E-mail: shaunakak@rediffmail.com

Postal Address: Dr. Shaunak Shrinivas Kulkarni, Indrayani, 1605, Sadashiv peth, Pune 411 030, Maharashtra, INDIA

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Gregory Livshits

Professor

Field of Specialisation: Human Population Genetics, Genetic Epidemiology and Quantitative Genetics

Address: Department of Anatomy and Anthropology, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Tel Aviv 69978, ISRAEL

Telephone/Mobile: 972 3 640 9494

E-mail: gregl@post.tau.ac.il

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Dilip Mahalanabis

Director

Field of Specialisation: Pediatrics, Nutrition

Address: Society For Applied Studies, CF-198, Salt Lake, Sector-1 (Gr. Floor), Kolkata 700 064, West Bengal, INDIA

Telephone/Mobile: +91-33-2337 0709, 2358 8850 (O), +91-33-2337 2562 (R); 9830515374 (M)

E-mail: sas_kolkata@vsnl.net, sascf198@yahoo.com

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. C. G. N. Mascie-Taylor

Professor and Head of Department

Field of Specialisation: Interaction between Nutrition, Growth and Disease, Reproductive Ecology

Address: Department of Biological Anthropology, University of Cambridge, Pembroke Street, Cambridge, CB2 3DZ,UNITED KINGDOM

Telephone/Mobile: +44 (0) 1223 335456

E-mail: nmt1@cam.ac.uk

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Alison McManus

Assistant Professor

Field of Specialisation: Exercise, Physical Activity and Health in Children

Address: Institute of Human Performance, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong SAR, CHINA

Telephone/Mobile: +85225890582 (O), +852 28177572 (R), +852 91744904 (M)

E-mail: alimac@hku.hk

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Poonam C. Mittal

Professor

Field of Specialisation: Nutritional Biochemistry, Clinical Biochemistry

Address: Biochemistry Department, Allahabad University, Allahabad 211 002, Uttar Pradesh, INDIA

Telephone/Mobile: (091) 532 2465449 (O), (091) 532 2466762 (R); 09415132473 (M)

E-mail: poonam_mittal@rediffmail.com

Postal Address: Dr. Poonam C. Mittal, R: 34 A Jawaharlal Nehru Road, Tagore Town, Allahabad 211 002, Uttar Pradesh, INDIA

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Victoria Hall Moran

Field of Specialisation: Maternal & Child Nutrition

Address: School of Public Health & Clinical Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston PR3 1HE, UNITED KINGDOM

Telephone/Mobile: 44 1772 893830; 07789 550077 (M)

E-mail: vlmoran@uclan.ac.uk

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Jorge Mota

Professor at Faculty of Sports, Porto University

Field of Specialisation: Sport Sciences

Address: Research Centre in Physical Activity Health and Leisure, R. Plácido Costa, 914200-450 Porto, PORTUGAL

Telephone/Mobile: 351-225074786; 351-938700882 (M)

E-mail: jmota@fade.up.pt

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Dipika Agrahar Murugkar

Senior Scientist

Field of Specialisation: Food Science and Nutrition

Address: Soybean Processing and Utilization Center, Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Berasia Road, Nabibagh, Bhopal 462 038, Madhya Pradesh, INDIA

Telephone/Mobile: 091-07552521070 (O), 091-07552758736 (R), 09893141634 (M)

E-mail: dipikaagrahar@yahoo.com

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Abdulrahman Musaiger

Director, Arab Center for Nutrition

Field of Specialisation: Nutrition, Growth Patterns, Public Health

Address: Flat 12, Building 1197, Road 1535, Block 215, Muharraq, BAHRAIN

Telephone/Mobile: (O)/(R) 00973-17343460/00973-17334880, 00973-39625955 (M)

E-mail: amusaiger@gmail.com

Postal Address: Dr. Abdulrahman Musaiger, P. O. Box 26923, BAHRAIN

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. J. M. Naidu

Professor

Field of Specialisation: Population Genetics, Tribal Studies

Address: Department of Anthropology, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam 530 003, Andhra Prdesh, INDIA

Telephone/Mobile: 091-0891-2844421 (O), 091-0891-2742929 (R); 09849908684 (M)

E-mail: jmnaidu@gmail.com

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Thandi Puoane

Associate Professor

Field of Specialisation: Nutrition, Child Health, Chronic Non- communicable Diseases

Address: School of Public Health, Private bag X 17, Bellville, SOUTH AFRICA

Telephone/Mobile: 27 21 959 2809; 21 082 707 5881 (M)

E-mail: tpuoane@uwc.ac.za

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Bidyut Roy

Professor

Field of Specialisation: Genetic epidemiology, oral cancer, Molecular Genetics of disease, Pharmacogenomics, Cell Biology

Address: Human Genetics Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, 203 B. T. Road, Kolkata 700 108, West Bengal, INDIA

Telephone/Mobile: 033-2575-3213/3212; 9432076069 (M)

E-mail: broy@isical.ac.in, broyisi@hotmail.com

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Jaydip Sen

Reader

Field of Specialisation: Biological Anthropology

Address: Department of Anthropology, University of North Bengal, P.O.: NBU, Raja Rammohunpur 734o13, District Darjeeling, West Bengal, INDIA

Telephone/Mobile: 091-0353-2776322; 09932268224 (M)

E-mail: jaydipsen@rediffmail.com

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Krishan Sharma

Professor and Chairman

Field of Specialisation: Biological Anthropology, Human Genetics

Address: Department of Anthropology, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160 014, INDIA

Telephone/Mobile: 0172-2541998(O), 0172-2540180 (R); 094170-92610 (M)

E-mail: kdsharmalibra@yahoo.co.in

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Jay T. Stock

University Lecturer in Human Evolution and Development Fellow of Downing College, Cambridge

Field of Specialisation: Skeletal Biology, Human Adaptation and Evolution

Address: Leverhulme Centre for Human Evolutionary Studies, University of Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Street, Cambridge, CB2 1QH, UNITED KINGDOM

Telephone/Mobile: +44 (0) 1223 764701; +44 (0) 7969 800019 (M)

E-mail: j.stock@human-evol.cam.ac.uk

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Rodolfo Valdez

Field of Specialisation: Chronic Disease Epidemiology (Diabetes, Obesity, Family History)

Address: National O of Public Health Genomics, Coordinating Center for Health Promotion,National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Koger Center, Williams Building, Room 1517, 2877 Brandywine road, Atlanta, GA 30341, U.S.A.

Telephone/Mobile: 770-488-8391 (O), 770-972-8682 (R)

E-mail: rvaldez@cdc.gov

Postal Address: Dr. Rodolfo Valdez,, CDC\CoCHP\NCCDPHP\National O of Public Health Genomics, 4770 Buford highway / Mailstop K-89, Atlanta, GA 30341, U.S.A.

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. T. S. Vasulu

Field of Specialisation: Human Genetic Diversity Issues, Molecular Genetic Epidemiology of Health and Disease

Address: Biological Anthropology Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, 203 B.T. Road, Kolkata 700 108, West Bengal,INDIA

Telephone/Mobile: 091-033 2575 3215; 9874517635 (M)

E-mail: vasulut@hotmail.com, vasulu@gmail.com, vasulu@isical.ac.in

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Louise Vincent

Associate Professor

Field of Specialisation: Politics of the Body, Gender, Race, Multiculturalism, Liberal Democracy

Address: Department of Political And International Studies, Po Box 94, Rhodes University, Grahamstown 6140,SOUTH AFRICA

Telephone/Mobile: 046 603 8353 (O), 046603 8356 (R); 073 617 2930 (M)

E-mail: l.vincent@ru.ac.za

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. Jonathan C. K. Wells

Reader in Pediatric Nutrition

Field of Specialisation: Body Composition and Energetics, Anthropology

Address: Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK

Telephone/Mobile: + 44 207 905 2104 (O)

E-mail: J.Wells@ich.ucl.ac.uk

Member-Ed-Bd-JLS

Dr. V Pujitha Wickramasinghe

Field of Specialisation: Paediatrics, Nutrition, Growth and Body Composition

Address: Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Kynsey Road, Colombo 08, SRI LANKA

Telephone/Mobile: 94-11-2688748 Ext 170 (O), 94-71-4415031 (R), 94-77-7766595 (M)

E-mail: pujithaw@yahoo.com

INSTRUCTIONS TO CONTRIBUTORS

ONLINE: Full Text available ON LINE (Visit our website: www.krepublishers.com)

AIM: The Journal of Life Sciences (J Life Sci) is designed for prompt publication of original and significant articles in the field of Life Sciences. It aims to serve as a forum of life scientists and health professionals, especially those who share common interest in understanding plants, animals and man.

EDITORIAL POLICY: It contains original papers on current research and practical programmes, short notes, news items, book reviews, reports of meetings and professional announcements. Constructive critiques and discussions of published papers and letters, which are of relevance and of interest to the readership, are published at the discretion of the Editor. The journal is published in English; spelling and usage conforms to the Oxford English Dictionary; for consistency and simplicity in style because for many subscribers English is a second language. Place names should be spelled in the form officially used in the country under discussion; where this differs from the commonly known name of the English-language name, the other name should be written in parentheses. For practical purposes, accents may be omitted on non-English names.

FREQUENCY: There shall be two issues, one volume per year (July & December).

SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPT: For the initial submission of manuscripts for consideration, submit it via e-mail to kre@airtelmail.in. Prepare the manuscript as per style of the Journal. Manuscripts, which do not fully confirm to Journal style, will be returned to the Authors.

©TO REPRODUCE COPYRIGHT MATERIAL: In the paper Author should not use any copyright material (Figure/Tables etc.). However he/she may write about that in the form of text in the paper.

FORMALITIES: The contributors may send the papers to the Administrative Editor. The paper will be screened only (not reviewed) by the Members of the Editorial Board for its suitability to be considered for publication and If it is observed suitable than the Corresponding Author is asked to complete the initial formalities as follow:
    1. Review of Paper: The contributors may provide the names of at least three Referees in the field of specialisation as the subject of the paper demands, to whom we may request for review of the paper (Please provide separate List of Referees for each paper) The Referees should be other than the Members of Editorial Board of the Journal, who are known to you and aware of the research activities of your Department/Institute, but are not from yours’ Department/Institute (Please provide their postal & e-mail address and field of specialisation). The possible exceptions are in the case of occasional invited papers and editorials, or where a partial or entire volume is devoted to a special theme.

    2. Plagiarism Check: Paper will be checked for Plagiarism.

    3. Paper Charges: Pay the charges of the paper and for Black and White and Coloured Photographs, if any in the paper (Not for Line Drawings/Graphs in Black and White only), which is mandatory. Please check that the payment of Paper Charges is not a guarantee that the paper may be accepted as it is.

ACCEPTED PAPER: After final acceptance, the final and exactly matching printed versions with the underlining clearly marked should be submitted via e-mail to kre@airtelmail.in. Acceptance of paper will be acknowledged via e-mail, than send the processing fee of the paper and the photograph, if any in the paper.

AUTHORISATION AND DECLARATION: Authors must accept full responsibility for the content of their articles. The Members of the Editorial Board and the Publisher of the journal are not responsible for the statements and opinions expressed by the authors in their articles/write-up published in the journal. While submitting the paper the author (s) must give a declaration that, “the article has not been published or sent for publication elsewhere”.

SIZE: An article should not generally exceed twelve printed pages (18 double spaced typed pages of MS Word). The authors would be charged for additional pages, even if a longer article is accepted for publication. Reporting of frequency data may be accepted in the form of small report. Such reports should generally not exceed four pages, including tables/figures.

TITLE: The paper title, author’s name, affiliation, complete address, Fax number, and e-mail address should appear on the first page of the article. When there is more than one author, the correspondence will be sent to the first author, unless otherwise requested.

RUNNING HEAD: Not more than 40 characters (including spaces) should be identified on the title page.

ABSTRACT: Not exceeding 250 words.

KEYWORDS: Not exceeding six should accompany the manuscript.

TABLE: Each table should be typed separately and marked in the text in numerical order.

ILLUSTRATION: It should be clear, concise, and good for reproduction (maximum size for illustrations is 120 x 180 mm/80x160mm). All illustrations are referred to as Figures.

PHOTOGRAPH: Photograph should be sharp for reproduction (maximum size for photographs is 120 x 180mm/80x160 mm).

LIST: A separate list of tables, figures, and illustrations with captions should accompany the manuscript.

METRIC SYSTEM: The metric system should conform to the International System of Units (S. I.).

REFERENCES: These should be listed at the end of article, arranged alphabetically according to the surnames of the authors and then chronologically. Following are examples of the proper reference style of various sources:

Journals:

Bose Kaushik 2005. Anthropometric Assessment of Nutritional Status of Adolescents of Kolkata, West Bengal. J Hum Ecol, 18(3): 213-216.

Books:

Bhasin MK 1988. Biology of the People of Indian Region. A Classified and Comprehensive Bibliography (Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka). Delhi: Kamla-Raj Enterprises.

Sections of Books:

Bhasin MK, Walter H, Danker-Hopfe H 1994. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and abnormal haemoglobins (HB S and HB E) in people of India. In: Veena Bhasin (Ed.): People Health and Disease: The Indian Scenario. Delhi: Kamla-Raj Enterprises, pp. 131-159.

Meeting Paper:

Bhasin MK 2003. Genetics of Castes and Tribes of India. Paper presented in the Seminar on Peopling of India at Central Forensic Science Laboratory, Kolkata, March 19 – 20.

Report:

UNESCO 1974. Report of an Expert Panel on MAB Project 6: Impact of Human Activities on Mountain and Tundra Ecosystems. MAB Report Series No. 14, Paris: Unesco.

Thesis / Dissertation:

Bhasin MK 1967. A Genetic Survey among Newars of Nepal. Ph. D. Thesis submitted to University of Delhi, Delhi, Delhi.

Work “in press”:

Bhasin MK, Shil Anu Prabha, Sharma Madhu Bala 2008. Biology of the People of Sikkim: Comparative Evaluation of Growth Patterns among Different Caste and Tribal Groups of Sikkim. J Hum Ecol, (in press).

Website:

Fattovich R 2008. The development of urbanism in the Northern Horn of Africa in ancient and Medieval Times. http://www.arkeologi.uu.se/afr/projects/BOOK/fattowich.pdf (Retrieved on February 19, 2008)

When there are more than five authors use et al. in place of rest of the authors.

REFERENCES IN THE TEXT: References citations in the text should be in parentheses and include author name(s) and year of publication. Text citations of two or more works at the time should be given in chronological order. When citing a paper written by three or more authors, write the name of the first author plus “et al”. (However, all authors must be given in the Reference section). Where there are two or more papers by the same author in one year, distinguishing letter (a, b, c....) should be added to year. All references should be carefully crosschecked; it is the author’s responsibility to ensure that references are correct.

PROOFS: The galley proofs will be sent to the corresponding author via e-mail for correction of typographical errors only; alterations other than correction of printer errors will be charged to the author. All corrections should be marked clearly, directly on page proofs.

OFFPRINT: These may be ordered at prices shown on the order blank accompanying proofs. No free reprints are supplied, but any number in excess of 100, with or without covers, may be purchased. The order, along with payment, for reprints and extra printed pages (if paper exceeds twelve printed pages) should be sent to the Administrative Editor.

SPECIAL ISSUE/VOLUME: Scholars are welcome to edit an entire Special Issue/Volume of the journal in their field of specialisation as a Guest Editor. For details write to the Administrative Editor, C/o Ms Kamla-Raj Enterprises, Post Box No. 1120, Delhi G.P.O., Delhi 110 006, India via e-mail to: kre@airtelmail.in.

COPYRIGHTS © Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis) that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher. © Kamla-Raj Enterprises. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher. Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to The Administrative Editor, C/o Ms Kamla-Raj Enterprises, 2273, Gali Bari Paharwali, Chawri Bazar, Delhi 110 006, India or e-mail to: kre@airtelmail.in.

DISPUTE: Subject to DELHI Jurisdiction only, in case of any dispute

SEND SUBSCRIPTIONS AND BUSINESS CORRESPONDENCE TO: Kamla-Raj Enterprises, Post Box No. 1120, Delhi G.P.O., Delhi 110 006, India.

GUIDE FOR CONTRIBUTORS

The journal publishes submissions in four categories: I. Research Articles, II. Book Reviews, III. Announce­ments, IV. Notes and Comments


I. research articles


 

Manuscript:

E-mail the text to kre@airtelmail.in

The manuscripts are categorised under three types - Regular Articles, Short Communications and Reviews. Prepare the manuscript as per style of the Journal. Manuscripts which do not fully confirm to Journal style will be returned to the Authors.

 

Manuscript should consist of the following subdivisions (1-10):

 

1. Title Page, 2. Key words, 3. Abstract, 4. Text, 5. Acknowledgement (if any), 6. Footnotes, 7. References, 8. Tables, 9. Figures/Illustrations, 10. Appendix (if any), 11. Metric System, 12. Symbols.

 

1. Title page:

The Title Page Must Contain:

-        Title

-        Author’s Name (or Names)

-        Institution from which the paper emanated, with City, State, Country, Postal Code, and E-mail Address

-        Number of Text Pages, plus References, Figures, Graphs, Charts, and Tables

-        Abbreviated Title (Running Headline) not to exceed 50 letters and spaces

-        Name, Address, Telephone Number, Fax Number, and E-mail Address of the Person to whom all the correspondence is to be addressed.

 

2. Key words:

Key words should be included, should not repeat terms used in the article title, and should not exceed 80 characters and spaces.

 

3. Abstract:

The abstract should consist of 100-150 words or less. The abstract should be written in complete sentences and should succinctly state the objectives, the experimental design of the paper, and the principal observations and conclusions; it should be intelligible without reference to the rest of the paper.

 

4. Text:

-        Do not divide words at the ends of lines; if they are unfamiliar to the printer,  they may be incorrectly hyphenated.

-        Do not begin sentences with abbreviations.

-        The word ‘Figure” is not abbreviated in the text, except when it appears in parentheses: (Fig. 2)   (Figs. 4-6).

-        The spelling of nontechnical terms should be that recommended in the current Webster’s International Dictionary.

-        Always spell out numbers when they stand as the first word in a sentence; do not follow such numbers with abbreviations. Numbers indicating time, weight, and measurements are to be in Arabic numerals when followed by abbreviations (e.g., 5 mm; 4 sec; 9 ml)

-        Use italic font for text that is to be italicized.

 

5.  Acknowledgement (if any):

The acknowledgement should be written in complete sentences.

 

6.  Footnotes:

Footnote text should be placed as endnotes before the List of references.

Footnotes to a table should be typed directly beneath the table and numbered with superscripts.

 

7.  References:

References in the Text: References citations in the text should be in parentheses and include author name(s) and year of publication. Text citations of two or more works at the time should be given in chronological order. When citing a paper written by three or more authors, write the name of the first author plus “et al.” (However, all authors must be given in the Reference section). Where there are two or more papers by the same author in one year, distinguishing letter (a, b, c....) should be added to year. All references should be carefully cross-checked; it is the author’s responsibility to ensure that references are correct.

 

Examples:

In the text, references to the literature should be cited by author’s surname followed by year of publication:

 

            ……studies by Sanghvi (1978) reveal………..

            ……studies by Bhasin and Fuhrmann (1972) reveal………..

            ……studies by Bhasin et al. (1973) reveal …………….. 

            ……an earlier report (Haldane 1940) …………….. 

 

When more than one author is cited, the listing should be first alphabetical by name and then chronological by date:

 

            ……...earlier reports (Bhasin et al. 1992, 1993; Walter et al. 1993)………

 

When references are made to more than one paper by the same author, published in the same year, they should be designated in the text as (Bhasin and Khanna 1992a,b) 

 

Bhasin MK, Khanna Asha 1992a. Serological variations among two tribal groups of Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir, India. J Hum Ecol, 3: 151-154.

Bhasin MK, Khanna Asha 1992b. Distribution of blood groups among the Bodhs, Baltis and Tibetans of  Jammu and Kashmir, India. J Hum Ecol, 3: 163-166.

 

References should be listed at the end of article, arranged alphabetically according to the surnames of the authors and then chronologically. Following are examples of the proper reference style of various sources:

 

Journals:

Bose Kaushik 2005. Anthropometric Assessment of Nutritional Status of  Adolescents of Kolkata, West Bengal. J Hum Ecol, 18(3): 213-216.

 

Books:

Bhasin MK 1988. Biology of the People of Indian Region. A Classified and Comprehensive Bibliography (Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka). Delhi: Kamla-Raj Enterprises.

 

Sections of Books:

Bhasin MK, Walter H, Danker-Hopfe H 1994. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and abnormal haemoglobins (HB S and HB E) in people of India.  In: Veena Bhasin (Ed.): People Health and Disease: The Indian Scenario. Delhi: Kamla-Raj Enterprises, pp. 131-159.

 

Meeting Paper:

Bhasin MK 2003. Genetics of Castes and Tribes of India. Paper presented in the Seminar on Peopling of India at Central Forensic Science Laboratory, Kolkata, March 19 – 20.

 

Report:

UNESCO 1974. Report of an Expert Panel on MAB Project 6: Impact of Human Activities on Mountain and Tundra Ecosystems. MAB Report Series No. 14, Paris: Unesco.

 

Thesis / Dissertation:

Bhasin MK 1967. A Genetic Survey among Newars of Nepal. Ph. D. Thesis, Unpublished. Delhi: University of Delhi.

 

Work “in press”:

Bhasin MK,   Shil Anu Prabha,  Sharma Madhu Bala 2008. Biology of the People of Sikkim: Comparative Evaluation of Growth Patterns among Different Caste and Tribal Groups of Sikkim. J Hum Ecol, (in press).

 

Website:

Fattovich R 2008. The development of urbanism in the Northern  Horn of Africa in  ancient and Medieval Times.

http://www.arkeologi.uu.se/afr/projects/BOOK/fattowich.pdf (Retrieved 2/19/2008)

 

When there are more than five authors use et al. in place of rest of the authors

 

The References list must be arranged alphabetically by Author’s or Authors’ Surname(s) and chronologically for each author,  in the following style: 

 

The References list must be arranged alphabetically by Author’s or Authors’ Surname(s) and chronologically for each author,  in the following style:

 

Author’s Name (or Names), Year of Publication, Complete Title, Volume, and inclusive Pages as follows:

 

Bhasin MK 1967. A Genetic Survey among Newars of Nepal. Ph. D. Thesis, Unpublished. Delhi: University of Delhi.

 

Bhasin MK 1988. Biology of the People of Indian Region. A Classified and Comprehensive Bibliography (Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka). Delhi: Kamla-Raj Enterprises.

 

Bhasin MK 2003. Genetics of Castes and Tribes of India. Paper presented in the Seminar on Peopling of India at Central Forensic Science Laboratory. Kolkata, March 19 – 20.

 

Bhasin MK, Walter H, Danker-Hopfe H 1994. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and abnormal haemoglobins (HB S and HB E) in people of India.  In: Veena Bhasin (Ed.): People Health and Disease: The Indian Scenario. Delhi: Kamla-Raj Enterprises pp. 131-159.

 

 Bhasin MK,   Shil Anu Prabha,  Sharma Madhu Bala 2008. Biology of the People of Sikkim: Comparative Evaluation of Growth Patterns among Different Caste and Tribal Groups of Sikkim. J Hum Ecol, (in press).

 

Bose, Kaushik 2005. Anthropometric Assessment of Nutritional Status of  Adolescents of Kolkata, West Bengal. J Hum Ecol, 18(3): 213-216.

 

Fattovich R 2008. The development of urbanism in the Northern  Horn of Africa in  ancient and Medieval Times.

http://www.arkeologi.uu.se/afr/projects/BOOK/fattowich.pdf (Retrieved 2/19/2008)

 

UNESCO 1974. Report of an Expert Panel on MAB Project 6: Impact of Human Activities on Mountain and Tundra Ecosystems. MAB Report Series No. 14, Paris: Unesco.

 

Abbreviations of Journal titles should follow those used in Index Medicus

 

8. Tables:

All tables must be cited in the text. They should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. Table titles should be complete but brief. Information other than that defining the data should be presented in footnotes, not in the table heading.

-        Give number to each table in the paper. Start the number from one onwards and use numbers in Arabic (1, 2, 3…)

-        Table titles should be complete

-        Table  should either in the end after the references or after the text of the table

-        Dont use above/below in the text for the table

-        Write all percentages in one decimal place in all the Tables in the text (for example 25.3 or 25.33)

-        Do not submit any scan table with the paper (send only Typed Tables)

-        All the tables must be in black & white and without any background 

-        While the Tables clearly present the data, it is unnecessary to adopt whole questionnaire items as description for variables. The authors may wish to abbreviate the variables in smaller sentences that convey the same meaning

-        In percentage column always use at least one digit after dot (for example 25.3 or 25.33)

-        All the tables must be prepared as per format of the journal.

-        Use Microsoft tool to draw yours Table and cite it in the text

 

9.  Figures/ILLUSTRATIONS:

-        Give number to each figure in the paper. Start the number from one onwards and use numbers in Arabic (1, 2, 3…)

-        Figure title should be complete

-        All the figures must be cited in the text.

-        Figure should either in the end after the references or after the text of the figure

-        Don’t use above/below in the text for the figure

-        Delete the figure if table is there for that observations.

-        Delete the figures and give the data in the form of tables for research paper. The figures in the paper will be more suitable while presenting the findings in  a seminar/conference, but not in the printed form

-        All the figures must be in black and white only (without any background).

-        Fill the bars or/and circles with dots and line only but not in light and dark shade

-        Figure/s in line drawing and lettering on them must be clear and concise

-        Check lettering and labels should be large enough to allow for suitable reduction and readable after reduction.

-        Send the figure in JPG form only separately (not in MSWORD format of in PDF) for final processing

-        Permission to publish photograph of a subject:

-        Include the copy of the consent of the parents of the subject which permits the authors to publish the photograph of the subject, and also cover both the eyes and also nose bridge to make the figure appear better. 

 

10. Appendix (if any):

The Appendix should be avoided if possible.

 

11. Metric system:

The metric system should be used for all measurements, weight, etc. Temperatures should always be expressed in degrees Celsius (centigrade). Metric abbreviations, as listed below, should be expressed in lower-case without periods.

 

Length: km (kilometer); m (meter); cm (centimeter); mm (millimeter); μm (micrometer) (micron); nm (nanometer); pm (picometer); Å (Ångstrom unit) (10Å=1nm).

 

Area: km2 (square kilometer);  m2 (square meter), mm2 (square centimeter); nm2 (square millimeter); μm 2 (square micrometer); nm2 (square nanometer); km3 (cubic kilometer); m3 (cubic meter); cm3 (cubic centimeter); mm3 (cubic millimeter); μm 3 (cubic micrometer); nm3 (cubic nanometer).

 

Volume: kl (kiloliter); liter (always spell out); ml (milliliter); μl (microliter); nl (nanoliter); pl (picoliter).

 

Weight: kg (kilogram); gm (gram); mg (milligram); μg (microgram); ng (nanogram); pg (picogram).

 

12. Symbols:

When proceeded by a digit, the following symbols are to used: % percent; º  for degree.

 

Size:

An article should not generally exceed twelve printed pages (18 double spaced typed pages of MS Word). The authors would be charged for additional pages, even if a longer article is accepted for publication.  Reporting of frequency data may be accepted in the form of small report. Such reports should generally not exceed four pages, including tables/figures.

 

SCREENING OF THE PAPER:

Each paper is screened (not reviewed) by the Member of the Editorial Board to check its suitability for favour of publication in the Peer-reviewed Scientific and Research international journal. If it is observed that it can be considered for publication than the Corresponding Author is asked to complete the initial formalities.

 

REFEREES FOR REVIEW OF PAPER:

The authors are also requested to provide the contact details of at least three potential peer reviewers/ list of Referees for the paper who may be asked to review the paper with the instructions that the Referees’ present status must be either Associate Professor/Reader or Professor (University/Institute) in the field of specialisation as the subject of the paper demands to whom we may request for review of the paper and the Referees should be other than the Members of Editorial Board of the Journal, who are known to the authors and aware of the research activities of their Department/Institute, but are not from their Department/Institute). They should be experts in the field of study, who will be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript's quality. The paper may also be sent to others for review in addition to the list of Referees provided by the corresponding author.

 

Please provide the following information about the Referees:

  • Full Name:
  • Present Status:
  • Field of Specialisation: 
  • Name and Address of Institute/Department/University:
  • Postal Address:
  • E-mail (It is must):

 

PEER REVIEWERS:

Paper is sent to the three Referees (who are specialized in the field of the topic of Research Paper) with the Referees’ Report Form for providing his/her comments in that form (BLIND REVIEW). The Referees are requested to provide their comments within six to eight week time period.

 

ACCEPTED PAPER:   

Acceptance of paper will be acknowledged via e-mail.

 

AUTHORISATION AND DECLARATION:

Authors must accept full responsibility for the content of their articles. The Members of the Editorial Board and the Publisher of the journal are not responsible for the statements and opinions expressed by the authors in their articles/write-up published in the journal.  It is also for the authors to seek the permission whose copyrighted material they may use in preparation of their manuscript. While submitting the paper the author (s) must give a declaration that “the article has not been published or sent for publication elsewhere”. 

 


II. book reviews


 

Book Reviews are solicited by the Editor/Managing Editor. Unsolicited reviews will not ordinarily be considered for publication. A book review should begin by stating the Title, Author(s), Publisher, Date, Page Count, Price, and ISBN Number of the work reviewed:

 

Peer Victimization in Schools: An International Perspective . By O Aluede, AD McEachern, MC Kenney (Editors). Delhi: Kamla-Raj Enterprises. 2001. viii+ 72 pp., $55.00 (Hardbound). ISBN 81-85264-40-6

 

The review should include no other front matter (title, abstract, key words) headings, tables or illustrations. Bibliographical citations should be avoided if possible. The reviewer’s name and address should be placed at end of the review.

 


III. ANNOUNCEMENTS


 

Announcements of general interest may be published without charge at the discretion of the Editor and Publisher. Submissions should consist of text only and be submitted exactly as they are to appear in print. Announcements concerning goods and services offered for sale will not be published gratis and must be submitted as advertising copy (For detail information write to the Publisher).

 


IV. Notes and Comments


 

The Notes and Comments section is reserved for short articles of general interest and responses to previously published items. Three categories of items are included in the Notes and Comments section:

 

1. Technical Notes, 2. Brief Communications, 3. Letters to the Editor

 

1. Technical Notes:  These are very short, Methodological Articles

 

2. Brief Communication: It reports the outcome of a very small, problem-based study

Papers submitted as a Technical Note or Brief Communication should not ordinarily exceed 8 pages, including the Cover Page and References cited section. Tables, Figures, and References cited should be minimized.

 

3. Letters to the Editor: A letter should be of general interest or a response to a previously published item. Letters normally should not be longer than 1500 words, and figures, tables, and literature cited should be avoided. An author on whose article the letter writer is commenting will be given an opportunity to read the letter, and to respond. If the two letters are acceptable, the reply is published immediately after the original letter, preferably in the same issue of the journal.

 

In all other respects, submissions under these three headings should follow the rules governing the preparation of copy and illustrations for research articles.

 


OTHER INFORMATION


 

The Publisher reserves copyright of the article published in the journal.  

           

Proof: Galley proofs will be sent to the corresponding author for correction of typographical errors only; alterations other than correction of printer errors will be charged to the author. All corrections should be marked clearly, directly on page proofs. 

 

Reprints: Reprints of research articles and publications in Notes and Comments can be purchased at prices quoted on the reprint order form. The order, along with payment, for reprints etc. should be sent with the corrected proofs. No free reprints are supplied, but any number in excess of 100, with or without covers may be purchased. It is important to order initially sufficient quantity of reprints, since the price is substantially higher if they are ordered after the paper has been published. Reprints of announcements and book reviews are also available.

 


© COPYRIGHTS


 

COPYRIGHTS: 

Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis) that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher. © Kamla-Raj Enterprises.

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher. Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to The Administrative Editor, B-2 (Ground Floor), South City II, Gurgaon 122 018, Haryana, India

Telephone:  091-0124-4360430, E-mail: kre@airtelmail.in


Address for all correspondence:

Administrative Editor

B-2 (Ground Floor), South City II, Gurgaon 122 018, Haryana, India

Telephone:  091-0124-4360430

E-mail: kre@airtelmail.in; Website: http://www.krepublishers.com  


 

 

SUBMISSION CHECKLIST


 

Thank you for deciding to submit your paper to a Peer-reviewed Scientific and Research international journal. Please make sure that you have satisfied the points on following checklist before submitting your manuscript. If you have any questions about the submission process, please contact kre@airtelmail.in

 


Instructions for Contributors/Guide for Contributors

 

Prepare the manuscript as per style of the journal. Read the detailed Instructions for Contributors/Guide for Contributors.

 


1. Peer Reviewers

 

Provide the contact details of at least three potential peer reviewers for your paper. These should be experts in your field of study, who will be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript's quality. Any peer reviewers that you suggest should not be members of the same research institution. They should not be one of the Editorial advisers for the journal, unless they work precisely in your field.

Full Name:

Present Status:

Field of Specialisation:

Complete Name and Address of Institute/Department/University:

E-mail addresses:

 


2. Conditions of submission and Journal Copyright

 

Do you confirm that all the authors of the manuscript have read and agreed to its content, that readily reproducible materials described in the manuscript will be freely available to any scientist wishing to use them for non-commercial purposes?  Do you confirm that the manuscript is original, has not already been published in a journal and is not currently under consideration by another journal?

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the Administrative Editor.

 

Yes, I am submitting author of this article and I accept the conditions of submission and the Journal Copyright.

 


3. PLEASE AVOID COMMENTS

 

Any Region, Race/Ethnic Group, Religion, Class, Caste etc.

 


4. COPYRIGHT (FIGURE AND TABLE)

 

© To reproduce copyright material

Author should not use any copyright material (Figure/Tables etc.) in the paper. However he/she may write about that in the form of text in the paper

 


5. JOURNAL COPYRIGHT

 

© COPYRIGHTS:  Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis) that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher.

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the Administrative Editor. Requests for permission should be addressed to The Administrative Editor, B-2 (Ground Floor), South City II, Gurgaon 122 018, Haryana, India. E-mail: kre@airtelmail.in, kre@vsnl.com

 


MANUSCRIPT

 

1. GENERAL INFORMATION

 

Ø  Main Manuscript: MS Word

Ø  Size: A 4 Size

Ø  Text in column: Single

Ø  Font: Times New Roman

Ø  Font size: 12 pt.

Ø  Space in between lines: 1 1/2

Ø  Tables:  Tables should be at the end of the text after the list of References.

Ø  Figure: Tables should be at the end of the text after the list of References.

Ø  Send the figure in JPG form separately (not in MSWORD and or PDF format) `for final processing

Ø  Figures/Tables: Refer each Table/Figure in the text

 


PREPARE MANUSCRIPT UNDER THE FOLLOWING SUBDIVISIONS


1. ADDRESS OF AUTHOR/S

 

Always provide complete address of the working place (Department/University/ Institute/City/ Code No. /Country)


2. FORMAT OF THE PAPER

 

Prepare the paper in 12 pt. Times new roman, 12 pt. Font, give 1 ½ space in between the lines

Format the full paper as per style of the journal (check the attachment)

No bullet etc. Signs format in the text


3. TITLE-RUNNING HEAD

 

Provide abbreviated title (running head) of the paper: it should be a brief of the title to be printed with alternative page no. of the paper.

About Running Head: In the paper after the first printed page every alternative pages of the paper, on the top with Page No. there is the Name of the title in brief, you may check any of the printed paper in a KRE-JOURNAL available on line (www.krepublishers.com)


4. KEYWORDS

 

Provide only 5-6 keywords and they should not be a repeat of the terms used in the article title


5. ABSTRACT

 

The abstract should consist of 100-150 words. The abstract should be written in complete sentences and should succinctly state the objectives, the experimental design of the paper, and the principal observations and conclusion; it should be intelligible without reference to the rest of the paper. Do not cite any reference and avoid quotes in the abstract.


TEXT

 

1. FORMAT

 

Prepare the paper as per format of the journal (check the attached file for format)

 

2. HEADINGS, SUBHEADINGS AND SUB-SUBHEADINGS

 

Ø  Check and use the fonts for the-

Ø  MAIN HEADINGS (CAPS BOLD)/

Ø  Sub-Headings (Upper Lower Bold Font) /

Ø  Sub-Sub Headings (Upper Lower  Italics Bold Font)  AND

Ø  Sub-Sub-Sub Heading (Upper Lower  Italics Font) 

 

 

3. ABBREVIATIONS

 

Give full name for each abbreviation and avoid them for & etc.

 

4. STATISTICAL SYMBOLS

 

Please check the statistical symbols carefully or use name of the symbol


5. GIVE TEXT UNDER THE FOLLOWING HEADINGS SEPARATELY

 


I. INTRODUCTION

 

Review specific and recent literature on the topic of research, to give convincing rationale behind the importance of studying of the present topic of research and may not be quite lengthy. Don’t use text book basic material

 

Objectives

 

Give the objectives of the study in brief and under separate sub-heading

Do not give sign of bullets/dots etc. In the text

 


II. METHODOLOGY

 

 The methodology section should present explain methods used precisely.

Give when were data collected? What questions were used?


III. RESULTS

 

The results section should present all the findings and explain findings; simply inserting tables is not enough. Comment on the table. Present both quantitative and qualitative data in this section.

Do not start a sentence with digits/figures, write in words

In the text write % in words (percent) except in brackets and tables

 


IV. DISCUSSION

 

 Evaluate the observations more critically with recent studies (need to update with 2014 sources) reported on the topic of research.

 


V. CONCLUSION

 

The text under the head conclusion should not be quite lengthy

 


VI. RECOMMENDATIONS

 

The text under the head recommendations should not be quite lengthy

 


6. DON’T GIVE SUMMARY IN THE END

 


7. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

 


8. NOTES

 

Keep all the footnotes in the end before the list of references

 


9. APPENDIX

 

Provide in English for readers who do not know the meaning of words of used in any other language. Put these under the head appendix in the end of the text

 


10. REFERENCES

 

CHECK THE FOLLOWING POINTS WHILE CITING THE REFERENCES IN THE TEXT AND LISTING THEM IN THE END

 

Check does not give number either in the text or in the list of References in the end

List only those REFERENCES in the end which are cited in the text

 


REFERENCES LISTED IN THE END

 

These should be listed at the end of article, arranged alphabetically according to the surnames of the authors and then chronologically. Following are examples of the proper reference style of various sources but while listing there should not be any separate subheading/s for Journals/Books/Newspapers/Magazines etc.  Avoid using IBID and OP. CIT. in the text.

  

Ø    Journals:

Chopra VP 1983. Population structure of the Indian people. Some microevoluntary aspects. Anthrop Anz, 41: 111-117. 

Ø    Books:

Bhasin MK 1988. Biology of the People of Indian Region. A Classified and Comprehensive Bibliography (Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka). Delhi: Kamla-Raj Enterprises.

Ø    Sections of Books:

Bhasin MK, Bhasin V 2001. Ecology and health: The Indian scenario. In: Veena Bhasin Vinay K Srivastava and MK Bhasin (Eds.). Human Ecology in the New Millennium. Delhi: Kamla-Raj Enterprises, pp. 43-82.

Ø    Newspaper / Magazine:

Bhasin Veena 1982. Ecology and Gaddi Culture. Hindustan Times, Weekly, August 29, 1982,  P. 9.

Ø    Radio/Television Talk:

Bhasin Veena 1986. Radio Talk - Gaddis of Himachal Pradesh. All India Radio ‘Yuv Vani’ - 1st July, 1986.

Ø    Meeting Paper:

Bhasin V, Bhasin MK, Singh IP 1978. Some problems in the education of Gaddis of Bharmour, Chamba District, Himachal Pradesh. Paper presented in Seminar on Education and Social Change in Himachal Pradesh (H.P.) in H.P. University, Shimla, November 13 to 16, 1978.

Ø    Report:

UNESCO 1974. Report of an Expert Panel on MAB Project 6: Impact of Human Activities on Mountain and Tundra Ecosystems. MAB Report Series No. 14, Paris: Unesco.

Ø    Thesis / Dissertation:

Bhasin Veena 1981. Ecological Influence on the Socio-cultural System of the Gaddis of Bharmour Sub-Tehsil, Chamba District, Himachal Pradesh. Ph. D. Thesis, Unpublished. Delhi: University of Delhi.

Ø    Work “in press”:

Bhasin Veena 2004. Economic pursuits and strategies of survival among Damor of Rajasthan. J Hum Ecol, (in press).

Ø    Website:

Official Home Page of Work and Income New Zealand 2004.  From <http://www.workandincome.govt.nz> (Retrieved March 18, 2004)

Ø    When there are more than five authors use et al. in place of rest of the authors.

 


INSTRUCTIONS FOR LISTING OF REFERENCES

Check the List of References carefully and arrange them as per style of the journal as follow:

 

Ø  Do not put NUMBER before any Reference

Ø  Do not give sign of bullets/dots etc. In the text

Ø  Do not give any separate subheading/s for Journals/Books/Newspapers, Magazines/Websites etc.

Ø  Do not use COMMA, FULL STOP in an individual name,

Ø  Do not place AND when there are two or more than two authors,

Ø  Do not place use et  al. (NOT IN ITALICS) when there are more than two authors, i. e., Give names of all the Authors, however you may use et al. After listing at least first five authors,

Ø  Place the YEAR of publication after the authors before the title of the paper, when using abbreviations for the title of the journal than do not use FULL STOP,

Ø  After the name of the journal put COMMA and give VOLUME NO. Than COLON and PAGE NUMBERS.

Ø  Internet references should be mentioned when retrieved on;

Ø  Do not use OP. CIT.

 


REFERENCES CITED IN THE TEXT

 

Ø  References citations in the text should be in parentheses and include author name(s) and year of publication. Text citations of two or more works at the time should be given in chronological order. When citing a paper written by three or more authors, write the name of the first author plus “et al.” (However, all authors must be given in the Reference section). Where there are two or more papers by the same author in one year, distinguishing letter (a, b, c....) should be added to year. All references should be carefully cross-checked; it is the author’s responsibility to ensure that references are correct. 

Ø  Check do not give number either in the text or in the list of References in the end

Ø  List only those REFERENCES in the end which are cited in the text

Ø  Write only Family Name/Caste and not first or middle name except when there is more than one author with the same Family Name/Caste than to differentiate among them use first and/or middle name.

Ø  Do not cite any reference in the Abstract, Conclusion, Recommendations and Limitations

Ø  Do not use IBID and OP. CIT. in the text.

Ø  When there is one authors’ cited for an observation/evaluation than arrange it as follow

Ø  For example: Coale (1965) or Khakhar and Gulati (2000) or Dey et al. (2008)

Ø  When there are more than one authors cited for an observation/evaluation than arrange them according to the year of publication and do not put comma before the year and place semi colon after the year

Ø  For example: (Coale 1965; De Jong 1974; Gulati 1996; Khakhar and Gulati 2000; Dey et al. 2008; Sharma 1997)

Ø  When there are more than one cited references in an observation/evaluation which are published in the same year than arrange the list of authors alphabetically

Ø  For example: (Bhasin et al. 2007; Boon et al. 2007; Regassa 2007; Singh et al.  2007)

Ø  Delete  only comma before the year in all the references cited in the text

Ø  Delete comma after et al.,  (et al. Not in italics) and put only full stop after et al. In the cited references in the text

Ø  Use et al. In the text when there are more than two authors

Ø  Put comma after the year  instead of semi-colon  when all the cited references are of the same author/s

Ø  Put semi-colon instead of comma in between the authors after the year in all the cited references.

Ø  Put colon after year when citing page no. In the text

Ø  Do not use website as a reference in the text. Give the name of the author/s and year only

 


11. TABLES

 

Ø  Give number to each table in the paper. Start the number from one onwards and use numbers in Arabic (1, 2, 3…)

Ø  Table titles should be complete

Ø  Table  should either in the end after the references or after the text of the table

Ø  Don’t use above/below in the text for the table

Ø  Write all percentages in one decimal place in all the Tables in the text (for example 25.3 or 25.33)

Ø  Do not submit any scan table with the paper (send only Typed Tables)

Ø  All the tables must be in black & white and without any background 

Ø  While the Tables clearly present the data, it is unnecessary to adopt whole questionnaire items as description for variables. The authors may wish to abbreviate the variables in smaller sentences that convey the same meaning

Ø  In percentage column always use at least one digit after dot (for example 25.3 or 25.33)

Ø  All the tables must be prepared as per format of the journal

Ø  Use Microsoft tool to draw yours Table and cite it in the text.

 


12. FIGURES, LINE DRAWINGS AND PHOTOGRAPHS

 

Ø  Give number to each figure in the paper. Start the number from one onwards and use numbers in Arabic (1, 2, 3…)

Ø  Figure title should be complete

Ø  All the figures must be cited in the text.

Ø  Figure should either in the end after the references or after the text of the figure

Ø  Don’t use above/below in the text for the figure

Ø  Delete the figure if table is there for those observations.

Ø  Delete the figures and give the data in the form of tables for research paper. The figures in the paper will be more suitable while presenting the findings in  a seminar/conference, but not in the printed form

Ø  Line drawing (map/graph etc.) Must be in Black & White only (without any background).

Ø  Fill the bars or/and circles with dots and line only but not in light and dark shade

Ø  Figure/s in line drawing and lettering on them must be clear and concise

Ø  Check lettering and labels should be large enough to allow for suitable reduction and readable after reduction.

Ø  Send the figure in JPG form only separately (not in MSWORD format of in PDF) for final processing

Ø  Permission to publish photograph of a subject:

Ø  Include the copy of the consent of the parents of the subject which permits the authors to publish the photograph of the subject, and also cover both the eyes and also nose bridge to make the figure appear better.  

 


13. APPENDIX (IF ANY)

paper present
Referees