© Kamla-Raj 2003                                                                          Int J Hum Genet, 3(3): 139-145 (2003)



ApoB 3’HVR Polymorphism a Genetic Variation in
Indian Subcontinent


Faisal Khan1, Sudha Talwar1, P. Venkataraman2, Suhasini Bhatnagar1 and

Suraksha Agrawal1


1. Department of Medical Genetics, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Raebareli Road, Lucknow 226 014, Uttar Pradesh, India

2. Department of Anthropology, S. V. University, Tirupati 517 502,

Andhra Pradesh, India


Key Words Apolipoprotien-B; hyper variable region; minisatellites; polymorphism; variation


Abstract  Apo B 3’ hyper variable region (Apo B 3’ HVR) is a highly polymorphic and hence an informative marker. It could be an ideal candidate to study the genetic heterogeneity among different population groups of Indian subcontinent. It is one of the marker for which numerous population data is available. This makes Apo B 3’HVR an ideal locus for a pilot study to investigate the relationships between different populations and the micro-evolutionary processes leading to their present day distribution. In the present study, we have studied ApoB3’HVR among North Indians and South Indians and have compared these populations on the basis of within group and between group diversity. For this purpose we have selected 600 North Indians and 200 South Indians at random. Total 21 segregating alleles were detected in our population groups. The average observed heterozygosity was quite high (avg.0.753) suggesting high diversity at ApoB’3HVR locus. Low value of average Gst (0.0005) and Fst (0.035) reflects non-significant deviation of heterozygosity between the two groups. On comparing our study populations with central Indian non tribal and tribal groups, it was found that there is relative homogeneity among the three non tribal groups and on computing genetic distances between the four groups, it was observed that tribal significantly differ from the three non-tribal groups. On comparing with other world populations grouped in continental groups, it was clear that greater diversity was observed for Africans followed by the Europeans and Asians. There was relative homogeneity among the continental groups. North Indians and South Indians were found closure to the Asians while non tribal Central Indians clustered with the Eurpeans. We are further testing these observations, by incorporating more realistic demographic models and by using mt-DNA for maternal lineages and Y-chromosome markers for paternal lineages.


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